Welcome to the Leiden based

Brain and Development Lab

Discover our research projects:


Prosocial behaviour strongly develops during adolescence.


Investigating self-concept, aggression regulation and vicarious reward learning in youth who have been arrested by the police before the age of twelve years.

Self concept

Self-report is sensitive to response bias. Different components of self-concept can be reliably assessed using functional neuroimaging


Investigating developmental changes in cognitive control, impulse regulation and social-emotional functions during childhood, adolescence and emerging adulthood

Leiden Consortium Individual Development (LCID)

Why are not all children equally responsive to variations in the social environment?

About our Brain Lab:

The Brain and Development Lab examines fundamental changes in human brain function across childhood and adolescence.

The Leiden Brain and Development Lab, founded in 2005 by Eveline Crone, examines fundamental changes in brain function across the life span. Using longitudinal neuroimaging techniques, the lab examines developmental trajectories over time in the domains of self-development and self-regulation, social learning and prosocial behavior, as well as the predictors of contribution to society. Our motivation is to shed light on developmental processes with a particular focus on the role of social and environmental factors, such as parent and peer interactions.

With our studies, we aim to unravel the neurobiological and social factors that influence growth trajectories. Ultimately, with our research we hope to contribute to creating opportunities for youth while growing up in a complex society.

The Brain and Development lab is strongly connected to Eveline Crone’s Rotterdam lab; The Society, Youth and Neuroscience Connected (SYNC) Lab at Erasmus University Rotterdam. Within the SYNC lab, researchers study developmental neuroscience from a societal impact perspective (see www.erasmus-synclab.nl).

We also participate in the Leiden Institute for Brain and Cognition (LIBC), which is an interfaculty center for interdisciplinary research on brain and cognition at Leiden University (see www.libc-leiden.nl).

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Meet our principal investigators:

Lara Wierenga

Principal Investigator

Eveline Crone

Principal Investigator

Latest publications:

Genetic and environmental influences on structure of the social brain in childhood.

van der Meulen, M., Wierenga, L. M., Achterberg, M., Drenth, N., Van IJzendoorn, M. H., & Crone, E. A. (in press). Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dcn.2020.100782

In press 

Towards greater collaboration in educational neuroscience – Perspectives from the 2018 Earli-SIG22 conference.

van Atteveldt, N., Peters, S., De Smedt, B., & Dumontheil, I. (2020). Mind, Brain and Education. https://doi.org/10.1111/mbe.12250


Neural and behavioral signatures of social evaluation and adaptation in childhood and adolescence: The Leiden Consortium on Individual Development (L-CID).

Crone, E. A., Achterberg, M., Dobbelaar, S., Euser, S., van den Bulk, B., van der Meulen, M., van Drunen, L., Wierenga, L., Bakermans-Kranenburg, M. J., van IJzendoorn, M. H. (2020). Special issue Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dcn.2020.100805


Is it worth it? How your brain decides to make an effort.

Kramer, A., Huizenga, H. M., Krabbendam, L., & van Duijvenvoorde, A. C. K. (2020). Frontiers for Young Minds.


Familiarity and audience effects on giving: An fMRI study.

van de Groep, S., Zanolie, K., & Crone, E. A. (2020). Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience. https://doi.org/10.1162/jocn_a_01568


Neural reward-related responses to monetary gains for self and charity are associated with donating behavior in adolescence.

Spaans, J. P., Peters, S., & Crone, E. A. (2020). Social, Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience.


Longitudinal changes in DLPFC activation during childhood are related to decreased aggression following social rejection.

Achterberg, M., Van Duijvenvoorde, A.C.K., Van IJzendoorn, M.H., Bakermans-Kranenburg, M.J., & Crone, E. A. (2020). Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1915124117


Neuropsychological underpinnings of emotional responsiveness to media.

Konijn, E. A., & Achterberg, M. (2020). In The International Encyclopedia of Media Psychology.